History of Cannabis Timeline:
8000 – 7000 B.C.: The earliest known fabric is woven from hemp.
2700 B.C.: The first written record of cannabis use is made in the pharmacopoeia of Shen Nung.
550 B.C.: The Persian prophet Zoroaster writes the Zend-Avesta, a sacred text which lists more than 10,000 medicinal plants. Hemp is at the top of the list.
First Century A.D.: The Chinese begin making paper from hemp and mulberry.
1150: Moslems use cannabis to start Europe’s first paper mill.
1484: Pope Innocent VIII labels cannabis as an unholy sacrament and issues a papal ban on cannabis medicines.
1563: Queen Elizabeth I orders land owners with 60 acres or more to grow cannabis or face a £5 fine.
1564: King Philip of Spain orders cannabis to be grown throughout his empire, from Argentina to Oregon.
1619: Jamestown Colony, Virginia, enacts the New World’s first marijuana legislation, ordering all farmers to grow Indian hemp seed. June 28.
1776: The first draft of the Declaration of Independence is written on Dutch hemp paper.
1868: Egypt outlaws cannabis ingestion. This nation will later lobby for marijuana criminalization in the League of Nations.
1883: Hashish smoking parlors are open for business in every major American city. According to police estimates, in 1883 there are 500 such parlors in New York City alone.
1890: Queen Victoria’s personal physician, Sir Russell Reynolds, prescribes cannabis for menstrual cramps.
1895: The Indian Hemp Drug Commission concludes that cannabis has no addictive properties, some medical uses, and a number of positive emotional and social benefits.
1910: The white minority in South Africa outlaws cannabis ingestion.
1914: Congress passes the Harrison Narcotics Act, its first attempt to control recreational use of drugs.
1936 – 1938: William Randolph Hearst’s newspaper empire fuels a tabloid journalism propaganda campaign against marijuana. Hearst papers run articles about marijuana crazed Negroes raping white women and playing voodoo-satanic jazz music.
December 1937: The Marijuana Tax Act is signed into law, initiating 60 years of cannabis prohibition and annihilating a multi-billion dollar industry.
1937 – 1939: Under Harry Anslinger, the Federal Bureau of Narcotics prosecutes 3,000 doctors for illegally prescribing cannabis-derived medications. In 1939, the American Medical Association reached an agreement with Anslinger, and over the following decade, only three doctors are prosecuted.
1943 – 1948: Harry Anslinger orders all Federal Bureau of Narcotics agents to conduct surveillance and keep files on marijuana crimes by jazz and swing musicians.
1962: President John F. Kennedy forces Harry Anslinger into retirement after Anslinger attempts to censor the work of Professor Alfred Lindsmith, author of The Addict and the Law.
1964: Dr. Raphael Mechoulam of the University of Tel Aviv isolates THC Delta-9, the primary active ingredient in cannabis.
1967: Keith Richards and Mick Jagger are busted for marijuana possession.
1973: Oregon takes the first steps towards decriminalization of cannabis.
1974: Dr. Heath conducts his infamous government-funded Rhesus monkey study at Tulane University, touted for years as evidence that marijuana causes brain damage.
1976: The Ford Administration bans independent research and research by federal health programs on the use of natural cannabis derivatives for medicine.
1989: St. Louis Medical University determines that the human brain has receptor sites for THC to which no other known compounds will bind..
December 30, 1989: Drug Enforcement Agency Director John Lawn orders that cannabis remain on the Schedule One narcotics list, reserved for drugs which have no known medical use.
Jan 2004: Cannabis reclassified to a Class C drug in the UK.
2009: Cannabis reclassified back to a Class B drug in the UK
2018: Globally cannabis is the most commonly used illegal drug. There are an estimated 6-9 million users in the UK.History of Amphetamine